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University / Higher Education sector has witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of Universities/University level Institutions & Colleges since Independence. The number of Universities has increased 34 times from 20 in 1950 to 677 in 2014. The sector boasts of 45 Central Universities of which 40 are under the purview of Ministry of Human Resource Development, 318 State Universities, 185 State Private universities, 129 Deemed to be Universities, 51 Institutions of National Importance (established under Acts of Parliament) under MHRD (IITs - 16, NITs 30 and IISERs 5) and four Institutions (established under various State legislations). The number of colleges has also registered manifold increase of 74 times with just 500 in 1950 growing to 37,204, as on 31st March, 2013. Every year, millions of students from within the country and abroad, enter these portals mainly for their graduate, post graduate studies while millions leave these portals for the world outside. Higher Education is the shared responsibility of both the Centre and the States. The coordination and determination of standards in Universities & Colleges is entrusted to the UGC and other statutory regulatory bodies.The Central Government provides grants to the UGC and establishes Central Universities/Institutions of National Importance in the country. The Central Government is also responsible for declaring an educational institution as "Deemed-to-be University" on the recommendations of the UGC. At present, the main categories of University/University-level Institutions are :- Central Universities, State Universities, Deemed-to-be Universities and University-level institutions. These are described as follows:

 

        Central University: A university established or incorporated by a Central Act.

        State University: A university established or incorporated by a Provincial Act or by a State Act.

        Private University: A university established through a State/Central Act by a sponsoring body viz. A Society registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860, or any other corresponding law for the time being in force in a State or a Public Trust or a Company registered under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956.

        Deemed-to-be University: An Institution Deemed to be University, commonly known as Deemed

        Institution of National Importance: An Institution established by Act of Parliament and declared as Institution of National Importance.

 

 

UGC RECOGNIZED REGULAR & DISTANCE UNIVERSITIES

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Tamilnadu Open University (TNOU)

Distance Mode

 

Distance Mode

 

 

 
 

 

Periyar University

Distance Mode

 

 

Vinayaka Missions University

Distance Mode

 

 

 
 

Kalinga University

Regular Mode