Skill Development & Entrepreneurship


https://pibindia.files.wordpress.com/2015/08/skill-india-cover.png?w=850National Skill Development Mission- The National Skill Development Mission was approved by the Union Cabinet on 01.07.2015, and officially launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 15.07.2015 on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day. The Mission has been developed to create convergence across sectors and States in terms of skill training activities. Further, to achieve the vision of ‘Skilled India’, the National Skill Development Mission would not only consolidate and coordinate skilling efforts, but also expedite decision making across sectors to achieve skilling at scale with speed and standards. It will be implemented through a streamlined institutional mechanism driven by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). Key institutional mechanisms for achieving the objectives of the Mission have been divided into three tiers, which will consist of a Governing Council for policy guidance at apex level, a Steering Committee and a Mission Directorate (along with an Executive Committee) as the executive arm of the Mission. Mission Directorate will be supported by three other institutions: National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), and Directorate General of Training (DGT) – all of which will have horizontal linkages with Mission Directorate to facilitate smooth functioning of the national institutional mechanism. Seven sub-missions have been proposed initially to act as building blocks for achieving overall objectives of the Mission.


Today, more than 20 Ministries/Departments run 70 plus schemes for skill development in the country. However, there are gaps in the capacity and quality of training infrastructure as well as outputs, insufficient focus on workforce aspirations, lack of certification and common standards and a pointed lack of focus on the unorganized sector.

Recognizing the need and urgency of quickly coordinating the efforts of all concerned stakeholders in the field of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India notified the formation of the Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship on 31st July, 2014 which subsequently led to the creation of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship on 10th Nov, 2014. The important milestones in the formation and set up of the new Ministry are as below:

·        8th December, 2014 : Office of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship shifted to 2nd Floor, Shivaji Stadium Annexe Building, Connaught Place


·        10th November, 2014 : Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is Created and Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy takes oath as new Minister of State (independent charge) of the Ministry.


·        18th September, 2014 : Committee of Secretaries held for accommodation and creation of post for the new Department.


·        2nd September, 2014 : Secretary, Mr. Sunil Arora joins the Ministry as the first Secretary with independent charge.


·        31st July, 2014 : Notification of Allocation of Business Rules listing the business of the Ministry of Youth Affairs, Sports, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Based on the mandate under the Allocation of Business Rules and taking into account the requirements of multiple stakeholders, the following four outcomes to be achieved have been identified:

1.     Ensure youth emerging from formal education are employable with job or self-employment oriented skills


2.     Ensure people stuck in low income jobs and in the unorganised segments can access growth opportunities through up-skilling / re-skilling and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)


3.     Improve supply and quality of the workforce for industry, contributing to increased productivity


4.     Make skilling inspirational for youth

http://msde.gov.in/assets/images/banner-2.jpgTo achieve these outcomes, a framework built on five central pillarsrepresenting the core requirements for skilling has been conceived by the Ministry – to Create a pipeline of skilled people, Correct supply for demand, Certify global/common standards, Connect supply with demand and Catalyse entrepreneurship. These five pillars will be supported by cross-cutting enabling measures.

Common norms and metrics on inputs, outcome measures and funding for skill development schemes across Central Ministries/Departments are being developed by the Ministry. Skill gap studies for all high priority sectors including key manufacturing sectors under Make in India have also been initiated. Support to States has been extended via the State Skill Development Mission through funding and technical support to ramp up capacity and improve standards of skilling at the State level.

A number of other initiatives such as collaborating with other nations to adopt international best practices, revamping the vocational education framework in the country, partnering with corporates, leveraging public infrastructure for skilling, creating a pipeline of quality trainers and leveraging technology for skill training, arebeing pursued by the Ministry.


For details, visit http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in, http://www.skillindia.gov.in, http://www.msde.gov.in  







Skill Development Initiative Projects (SDI)   


(i) Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

(ii) UDAAN

(iii) STAR

(iv) Vocational Training in Higher Education





Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) isthe flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of the new Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this skill certification and reward scheme is to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up outcome based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood.Under the scheme, monetary reward would be provided to trainees who are successfully trained, assessed and certified in skill courses run by affiliated training providers.

Key features of the PMKVY are:

a.     Standards- Training will be done against standards (National Occupational Standards - NOS and Qualification Packs - QPs for specific job roles) formulated by industry-driven bodies, namely the Sector Skills Councils (SSCs). Third party assessments for skill training will be done based on national (and often) global standards.


b.     Direct Fund Transfer- It will have complete transparent funding of skill training without any intermediaries with monetary rewards directly transferred to the trainees bank account. It will ensure financial inclusion with a provision of unique multi-wallet facility linked to debit card and accidental insurance. Aadhaar number will be used for unique identification of each candidate.


c.     Demand-driven targets: Based on assessment of skill demand and the Skill Gap Studies, target for skill training would be allocated to training providers by job-role and by district/city to the extent possible, by NSDC in consultation with the SSCs, States/UTs and the Central Ministries/Departments under the oversight of the Steering Committee of PMKVY.


d.     Target aligned to national flagship programmes and regions: Target for skill training would be aligned to the demand from the Central Governments flagship programmes, such as - Swachh Bharat, Make in India, Digital India, National Solar Mission and so on.


e.     Supply side perspective in target fixation: Skill training under PMKVY would essentially target drop out students after class 10 and class 12 and hence these numbers will be taken into consideration while deciding state / district wise targets. There will be special focus on youth in regions affected by left-wing extremists and from North Eastern States and J&K.


f.      Recognition of prior learning (RPL): Under PMKVY, trainees with prior experience or skills and competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for undergoing assessments. This will be an important step towards recognising the skills possessed by workers working in the informal sector and their inclusion. This will also facilitate the process of skill upgradation and re-skilling of the existing workforce. The focus of RPL would be on those job-roles/sectors in which it is most desired and it will be accompanied with a strong advocacy campaign to promote a paradigm shift in the labour market to make skill training to standards aspirational.


g.     Variable amount of monetary reward: Monetary reward for various job roles within a sector would also vary. This amount would be arrived at after taking various factors like cost of training, willingness of trainees for pay and other relevant factors into consideration. Higher incentives will be given to training in manufacturing, construction and plumbing sectors.


h.     Robust regime for registration of training providers: NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC. Government affiliated training centres and other training partners will be approved by the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC. Under PMKVY, even the government affiliated training providers will undergo due diligence as per the process manual. Each training partner would be responsible for its entire franchisee network and the infrastructure of training centers. The same will be part of the monitoring process. Only first level of franchising would be allowed but the same should be declared in advance and validated on the basis of random sampling as per guidelines in the process manual.




For more details, visit http://www.pmkvyofficial.org/


(ii) UDAAN

Udaan is a Special Industry Initiative for Jammu & Kashmir in the nature of partnership between the corporates of India and Ministry of Home Affairs and implemented by National Skill Development Corporation. The programme aims to provide skills training and enhance the employability of unemployed youth of J&K. The Scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders. It has two objectives:

·        (i) To provide an exposure to the unemployed graduates to the best of Corporate India;


·        (ii) To provide Corporate India, an exposure to the rich talent pool available in the State.

The key stakeholders are:

·        Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) - Chief Benefactors

·        State Government (Jammu & Kashmir)

·        Corporates - Training Partners

·        Implementation Agency (IA) NSDC

The Scheme aims to cover 40,000 youth of J&K over a period of five years and Rs. 750 crore has been earmarked for implementation of the scheme over a period of five years to cover other incidental expenses such as travel cost, boarding and lodging, stipend and travel and medical insurance cost for the trainees and administration cost. Further corporates are eligible for partial reimbursement of training expense incurred for the candidates who have been offered jobs.

Udaan as on 10th July, 2015



Youth who have joined Udaan training programs till date


Placement Offers Made


Cumulative Corporates successfully partnered with Udaan


Cumulative commitment for 5 years


Udaan selection drives conducted till date



For more details, visit http://nsdcudaan.com/



(III) Standard Training Assessment and Reward (STAR) Scheme:

The National Skill Certification and Monetary Reward Scheme, known as STAR (Standard Training Assessment and Reward),was operational between August 2013 and September 2014.

NSDC is the designated implementing agency of the scheme and is working through various Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), Training Providers (TPs) and independent Assessment Agencies (AAs).

The achievements made under the scheme as on Feb, 2015 are as under:

Outcomes: (As of 03 July 2015)



Training completed


Assessment Completed






Reward Money Disbursed

833,144 (Rs. 851.67* Cr)

For more details, visit http://www.nscsindia.org/


(iv) Higher Education

In order to bridge the industry academia gap – NSDC has developed a unique model to integrate skill based trainings into the academic cycle of the Universities. These are based on National Occupational Standards set by industry through sector skill councils. The job roles offered are designed to be progressive in nature – from Level 5 – level 7 on National Skills Qualification framework. The key highlight of the model are as given below:

·        Based on state skill gap report – identification of Sectors and job roles

·        Development of implementation model and Integration into time table as per university norms

·        Training of Trainers by Sector Skill Council

·        Curriculum Alignment and Capacity Building workshops

·        Student orientation sessions to take an informed choice of sector/job role based on career aspiration

·        Standardised Training Delivery by NSDC Training Partners

·        Internships and On- the – job Training

·        Assessment and certification by Sector Skill Council

·        Last Mile Employability and Entrepreneurship Opportunities for the students

NSDC is working with 21 Universities, UGC and AICTE catering to more than 1200 colleges and 400 community colleges across the country. Some of the organization include:

1.     SavitribaiPhule University of Pune : 663 colleges and 57 autonomous institutions


2.     University of Delhi: 67 colleges including NCWEB and SOL


3.     University Grants Commission: 150 community colleges and 127 colleges for B.Voc and Degree programmes


4.     Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU): 155 learning resource centres and 204 community colleges


5.     Centurion University: 4 colleges


6.     Haryana and Punjab Universities


7.     AICTE : 100 Community Colleges

NSDC is about to sign MoUs with 7 more universities to adopt this model.

NSDC funded training partners affiliated to respective SSCs are involved in imparting trainings to the students under these partnerships. The infrastructure is allocated by the respective colleges of the University. A project management team ensures monitoring and evaluation of ongoing trainings.

Academia recognise the benefits of this model for integration of industry recognized skills with regular studies and post assessment the studentsreceive industry endorsed and recognized certificate.



The National Skill Development Agency, invites innovative ideas, concepts and practices on skill development. A committee has been set up to review all such innovations and to facilitate their application on a wider scale. All the innovators who wish to bring their ideas and practices may send their proposals and presentation to the National Skill Development Agency via email to innovations@nsda.net.in. Shortlisted proposals will be invited to make presentation before the Committee which will meet every month on the third Wednesday of the month at 11 am in the NSDA office, commencing from 17th Dec 2014. Selected innovative practices will be facilitated and propagated for wider application.


For more details, visit http://www.nsda.gov.in/ContentPage/contentindexpage.html?name=skillII


The National Skill Development Corporation has initiated tje Innovations for Skills Marketplace to host information on innovative solutions, practices, models and other relevant research in the skill development space. These can be used by practitioners, Government agencies, policy makers, corporates and other stakeholders that contribute to this growing and vibrant ecosystem. The site is free to use for everybody and all submissions are voluntary.

NSDC also runs the Innovations for Skills Challenge to look for proposals, which will positively impact and create a multiplier effect in the skill development space. The proposals can be from enterprises, which have solutions to reduce cost, enable new processes and create a higher impact than the existing practices in the current skill development space. Proposals must be validated with a proof of concept. All initiatives must have at least a pilot that has seen some traction along with a scalable business proposition.


 For more details, visit http://innovation.nsdcindia.org/


Training Providers

The National Skill Development Corporation provides skill development funding either as loans or equity, and supports financial incentives to select private sector initiatives to improve financial viability through tax breaks etc. NSDC's financing initiatives provide funding through:

·        Loan

·        Equity

·        Grants

The NSDC will adopt a phased and detailed due diligence process to select proposals for funding to provide funds for vocational training.

Detailed evaluation will be done across six sets of criteria:

·        Employer view of demand for the specific skills

·        Alignment with the NSDC's mission

·        Robustness of overall plan and operating model

·        Ability to leverage partnerships

·        Ability to leverage financial requirements

·        Ability to leverage management capability


For more details, visit http://www.nsdcindia.org/funding and http://www.nsdcindia.org/guidelines#tab3



QP and NOS

NOSs – National Occupational Standards (NOSs) specify the standard of performance, knowledge and understanding when carrying out a particular activity in the workplace. Each NOS defines one key function in a job role. Example: For a Sales Associate, one of the NOS would be to 'To help customers choose right products'

QPs – A set of NOSs, aligned to a job role, called Qualification Packs (QPs), would be available for every job role in each industry sector. These drive both the creation of curriculum, and assessments. These job roles would be at various proficiency levels, and aligned to the NSQF. Example would be Qualification Pack of a Sales Associate

Sector Skill Councils are responsible for the creation of QPs and NOSs. These Occupational Standards are open for public viewing for a month on http://www.nsdcindia.org/nos. All those who have participated in development and validation of standards as well as the industry are informed by the SSC that the Occupational Standards have been published for comments.All comments/ feedback received during the period will be responded to by respective Sector Skill Council under intimation to NSDC. After one month of public viewing, these standards will be promulgated as National Standards.

As of 31st March 2015, across 28 Sectors, standards for 1319 Job Roles pegged at NSQF levels 1 to 8 have been defined by the Sector Skill Councils. 14 SSCs have covered development of 80% of entry level workforce QPs.


View a sample QP at http://www.tsscindia.com/download/25QPS-NSDC/qp-customer-care-executive-call-center.pdf


Current list of developed Qualification Packs and NOSs are available at http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites/default/files/files/04th-Jun-2015-Summary-List-QP-NOS-list-including-Draft.pdf


World Skills

What Is WorldSkills India?

WorldSkills India is an initiative of the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. NSDC, through its WorldSkills India initiative, has been leading the country's participation at WorldSkills International competitions since 2011.

The key objectives of WorldSkills India are to: 

·        Promulgate skills in the society and motivate the youth to pursue vocational education.

·        Champion skills and learning for work through local, regional, national and international skills competition and contribute to the society.

·        Invite sponsorships to organize the local, regional, national and international skills competitions and also host international competitions.

·        Establish links and a long-term association with the WSI secretariat along with development of cooperation with the Government of India, state Governments, registered vocational skills training and awarding bodies.

Role of NSDC

·        Establish linkages and contacts with various stakeholders of the industry to promote the association.

·        Provide support and synergy for efforts of WorldSkills India through its Skills Development initiatives.

·        Provide administrative and technical support to the participants and experts for the WorldSkills Competitions.

About world skill January 2014-2015

·        In FY 14-15 a total of 113 rounds were held (85 regional, 27 nationals and one final round) before the winners were selected by a jury of 58 experts picked from the respective industries.

·        India will compete in a total of 27 skills at the WorldSkills International Competition in Sao Paulo, Brazil in August, 2015.

·        The competition took place with a three tier selection process - Regionals, Nationals and the Final For the regional competitions the participants were identified by the partnering organizations and institutes.

·        Close to 1050 candidates across India participated in the competition

·        250 candidates were selected after regional competitions, 80 candidates selected after National Competitions, 21 candidates selected after Final Competition. Final competition for 8 skills will be scheduled shortly. In all 29 candidates will be selected in 27 skills after completion of all finals.  

For more information, visit http://www.worldskillsindia.co.in/


Proposed Scheme on Entrepreneurship Development

An entrepreneurship development scheme is currently being developed by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. The scheme will being designed around the following major elements:

Educate and equip potential and early stage entrepreneurs across India:
In partnership with experts, a world class entrepreneurship education curriculum will be developed. This curriculum will be delivered to all aspiring entrepreneurs at no cost. Leveraging online learning, entrepreneurship courses can be taken as and when needed by students and business people alike through Massively Open Online Courses (MOOCs).
In addition, entrepreneurship education will be integrated into the mainstream curriculum in 3,000 colleges around India. Entrepreneurship education courses will also be delivered in approximately 325 industrial clusters across the nation. Through 50 nodal Entrepreneurship Hubs (E-Hubs) set up across all states, existing and potential entrepreneurs will be targeted for entrepreneurship education modules that suit their need.

Connect entrepreneurs to peers, mentors, incubators: 
To support young entrepreneurs, a web and mobile based platform connecting the entire entrepreneurial ecosystem will be established. Platform members will access content online, including information on government services and special packages offered by service providers. 
The creation of new incubators will be encouraged and a national network of incubators and accelerators established to support young entrepreneurs. A national network of high quality, screened mentors will also be created, leveraging existing networks and successful local entrepreneurs where possible. 
Entrepreneurship activities in innovative and cutting edge technology areas will be aligned with initiatives such as Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Self Employment Talent Utilisation (SETU).

Support entrepreneurs through Entrepreneurship Hubs (E-Hubs): 
Support to entrepreneurs, including coordinated delivery of national and state government entrepreneurship programs and access to enabling resources, a national network of Entrepreneurship Hubs (E-Hubs) will be established.  One national, 30 state, 50 Nodal and 3,000 college based E-Hubs will be set up to deliver support. These E-Hubs will, collectively, cover the entire nation. 

Catalyse a culture shift to encourage entrepreneurship:
To promote entrepreneurship, state and national level interactions with stakeholders will be convened. International linkages will be established through internship opportunities and exchange trips to global entrepreneurship hubs such as Silicon Valley and Israel. To build awareness, national brand ambassadors will be created to champion entrepreneurial culture in India. Awards will be instituted for young achievers and a National Entrepreneurship Day will be celebrated.

Encourage entrepreneurship among underrepresented groups: 
Special focus will be given to the inclusion of scheduled castes & scheduled tribes, minorities, differently abled, etc., and regionally under-represented areas including large part of Eastern and North Eastern India in entrepreneurship programs. Special efforts will also be made to enrol incubators and mentors catering to these groups will in the national entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Promote Entrepreneurship amongst Women:
Focus will also be placed on encouraging women entrepreneurs through appropriate incentives for women owned businesses under the public procurement process.  It will also be ensured that gender neutral incubation/ accelerator, network of mentors, industry, resource centres and credit institutes are developed to facilitate Women Entrepreneurs. Priority will be given for mentorship and support system for women entrepreneurs in existing business centres and incubators. Steps will also be taken to assemble gender disaggregated data.

Foster social entrepreneurship and grassroots innovations:
Universities and academic institutions will be encouraged to launch a course on ‘Social Entrepreneurship’, including through online distance education, to actively promote social entrepreneurship in the country. Additional support, including through fiscal incentives and incubation, will also be considered.

To foster grass-roots innovation, a focus on innovations in hubs, collaborations with organisations such as the National Innovation Foundation and promotion of Intellectual Property Rights will also be encouraged.


Further details can be found in the http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in/National-Policy-2015.html





·        Common Norms for Skill Development Schemes implemented by Government of India (http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in/assets/images/Notification/Common%20Norms%20Notification.pdf)

·        Allocation of business rule: Ministry of Skill Development (http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in/assets/images/Notification/Allocation%20of%20Business.pdf)

·        Creation of Ministry of Skill Development  (http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in/assets/images/Notification/Creation%20of%20Ministry.pdf )

·        NSQF Notification (http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in/assets/images/Notification/Gazette_NSQF.pdf)






Skill Requirement Reports in different sectors :


Agriculture Allied Activities

(Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites/



Auto & Auto Components (http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites



Banking Financial Services Insurance (Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites




Beauty and Wellness

(Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites



Building Construction & Real Estate

(Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites



Construction Material Building Hardware

(Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites/default



Domestic Help

(Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites/



Education and Skill Development  (http://www.nsdcindia.org/



Electronics IT Hardware

 (Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/




Food Processing

(Report Link-http://www.nsdcindia.org/



Furniture and Furnishings




Gems Jewellery




Handlooms Handicrafts




Healthcare (http://www.nsdcindia.org







Leather and Leather goods

?( http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites/default/files/files/Leather-and-Leather-Goods.pdf)






Media and Entertainment


Textile and Clothing






Transport Logistics Warehousing and Packaging



Private Security Services







TourismTravel and Hospitality

(http://www.nsdcindia.org/sites/default/files/files/Travel-Tourism-and-Hospitality.pdf )






Project Managed by  National Institute Of Computer Studies